What problems and difficulties are encountered in constructing irrigation systems?
Building a custom made irrigation system tailored to the needs of the terrain is not always an easy task. More often than not the construction of a good and working system goes through many obstacles and undergoes several changes until it does the best job possible.
Among the most common problems are design and installation of an irrigation system in fragmented areas i.e. gardens and spaces with many paths. One of the most beneficial variants is that the vegetation is located at the edges of the areas. This reduces installation costs and implies less input of materials (pipes, valves). The amount of greenery and the proximity to a major source of water are also important.
The quantity, type and location of the plants used is very important. If you need to install an irrigation system in an already well planted area, the best option is to consult a horticulture specialist.
For the purposes of irrigation, a water source with a certain pressure and flow rate must be provided.
The type of soil to be watered should not be underestimated. It must be sufficiently permeable without retaining water.
The shape of the terrain is also important in terms of price and difficulty of the irrigation system installation.
Irrigation Systems Construction and Maintenance
The design and construction of an irrigation system goes through several major stages. A plan is prepared according to the area, shape and landscape of the terrain. Designing the irrigation structure itself is done by an engineering team that assesses the needs of the client and takes the obstacles of the terrain and other factors into account. Then excavation and bulk operations are carried out. Channels are drilled, pipes are installed, and the channels are covered.
Next stage is laying of the pipes, mounting and installation of sprinklers. Systems are organized into circles that facilitate the irrigation work. The watering system is commanded by a collector box, including valves, filters, and various other elements. The installation of the control box must be in a location that is easy to access and service. The valves and pipes are connected with a programmer that turns on and off each system circuit.
Some irrigators are connected with sensors that help improve performance.
The irrigation system is directly connected to a water source – general water supply network, a well, a water basin, or a source of another type.
Materials and work on the construction of a irrigation system
The work on the design and construction of a working irrigation system is a complex process, which includes:
• planning and designing of the system
• excavation and assembly activities
• laying of pipes, valves, etc.
• installation and connection
To build an irrigation system you will need:
• rain, moisture, temperature sensors
• a programmer
• a collector box
• various consumables for operation and maintenance