Vertical gardens are an excellent option for shaping and utilizing space in the context of various non-standard exterior and interior solutions. There are many different ways to design and build a green wall or a vertical garden. Depending on the goals and the desired end result, a number of approaches can be used. From a hanging structure, through a “living wall” to a classic vertical garden.
Advantages of vertical gardens
It is known that in vertical planting, the root system receives good aeration, which is extremely beneficial to the growth and development of plants. They are planted in a vertical soil layer, most often with the help of a specialized geotextile canvas. In many DIY variants, various handy tools such as tarpaulins, recycled sacks, and more are used.
Vertical gardens are a great aesthetic element, but they also have irreplaceable qualities such as cleaning indoor air, improving the appearance of the walls, helping to prevent overheating, dust and harmful particles insulation, reduce environmental noise and many other useful applications.
Vertical gardens and green walls are wide popular in designing innovative buildings, public, office and commercial spaces, but we can also see them in private homes, yards and gardens.
Do it yourself: a vertical garden
Making your own vertical garden is an easily achievable task for those who are not afraid to experiment and want to diversify and utilize the surrounding space. Such installation can be done both indoors and outdoors (depending on the location and the light in the room). This way you can compensate for the lack of greenery or to ennoble and decorate a facade or wall.
For one of the most common and relatively simple methods of vertical landscaping, ordinary wooden pallets can be used.
To do this, you will need:
• Durable garden foil
• Tat, thick nylon or similar material
• Scalpel, blade or sharp knife
– Cover the inside of the pallet with a tat or nylon by covering the holes between the boards. Attach it to the wood with stapler.
– Wrap the back of the pallet with foil.
– Fill the space between the two layers with fresh fertilized soil.
– Drill holes in the shape of a cross in the tat or nylon.
– Put the desired plants into the holes.
Vertical garden for herbs
Many different plants can be grown in a vertical garden – for example
• Dwarf Conifers
• Small deciduous shrubs
• Low-growing flowers
• Some berries
• Different herbs
Herbs are an excellent choice of vegetation to plant in a vertical garden. They are fragrant, can be used in the household, and also protect against some insects (flies, mosquitoes, etc.). The cultivation of herbs depends on the location, the local flora and the individual conditions and location of the garden. For this purpose, some types of annual herbs and spices can be used. They require sowing every year.
Some of the most common annual species used for this purpose are:
• Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
• Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
• Mayorana (Origanum majorana)
• Garden chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium)
• Summer savory (Satureja hortensis)
Among the perennial spices that can be grown in pots or vertical gardens are:
• Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
• Oregano (Origanum vulgare)
• Wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum) – a winter-surviving species
• Plain thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
• Lemon thyme (Thymus citriodora)
• Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)